Judge Charles Burns Lists Some Of The Types Of Cases Heard At The United States District Courts

District courts serve as the primary trial courts in the federal court system, functioning as general courts. Judge Charles Burns highlights their crucial role in adjudicating both civil and criminal cases within the federal judiciary. Each district court is equipped to handle a minimum of one.

Judge Charles Burns marks a few of the types of cases heard at the US District Courts or Trial Courts

The US District Courts within the federal judiciary are responsible for handling a wide range of cases. These cases encompass various types of legal matters, such as:

  • Federal Civil Cases: District courts have jurisdiction over civil cases involving federal law, controversies between the United States government and individuals or organizations, as well as disputes between citizens of different states (diversity jurisdiction). A few common types of federal civil cases are:
  • Constitutional Issues: District courts hear cases associated with constitutional challenges, including the ones linked to equal protection, due process, free speech, and search and seizure.
  • Civil Rights: District courts handle discerning civil rights cases, including claims of discrimination on the basis of race, gender, religion, or disability, and violations of constitutional rights.
  • Contract Disputes: District courts of the United States adjudicate contract disputes that arise from agreements governed by federal law or involve parties from different states.
  • Intellectual Property: District courts have jurisdiction over trademark infringement, patent, and copyright cases, along with trade secret disputes.
  • Employment Law: District courts handle employment-related cases. These cases can range from claims of workplace discrimination and harassment to wrongful termination and violations of federal labor laws.
  •  Federal Tort Claims: District courts are responsible for cases involving claims against the federal government for property damage, personal injury, and other civil wrongs.
  • Federal Criminal Cases: District courts handle a number of criminal cases that are involved in the violations of federal laws. This includes offenses like:
  • Drug Trafficking: District courts can prosecute cases associated with drug trafficking, drug manufacturing, as well as certain related offenses under federal drug laws.
  •  Fraud and white-collar crimes: District courts can handle cases involving insider trading, money laundering, fraud, embezzlement, and other white-collar crimes.
  • Organized Crime: District courts prosecute cases that involve organized crime activities. This may even include racketeering (RICO) violations and conspiracy charges.
  • Cybercrime: District courts handle cases that involve cyber fraud, identity theft, computer hacking, and other offenses related to computer and internet-based crimes.

As per Judge Charles Burns,  the United States District Courts are considered to be the courts of law, equity, and admiralty, and can hear many types of civil and criminal cases. However, unlike U.S. As a result, they can only hear cases that involve disputes between residents of different states, questions of federal law, or federal crimes.